Home » Faculty and Staff » Noha Emara » Economic Development (Online)

Economic Development (Online)

Department of Economics
Rutgers University
Economic Development 50-220-339-90 (Online)
Summer Session: 7/22/2013-8/14/2013

Instructor: Noha Emara, Ph.D.
Office: Armitage Hall room 313 [3rd floor], 311 N. 5th St., Camden, NJ 08102
Phone: (856) 225-6765
Email: nemara@camden.rutgers.edu or nohaemara@rutgers.edu
Website: http://economics.camden.rutgers.edu/faculty/noha-emara/
Class room and time: Online

This course will take you through an exciting journey that will acquaint you with the forces that influence economic development and growth. Theories of economic development are studied in the context of rich empirical works conducted by international agencies like World Bank and United Nations, and academicians on developing / underdeveloped countries. As a part of curriculum, we will begin by exploring the concept of development, and go through various components of development that economists typically study, including economic growth, income inequality, poverty, population, Urbanization, Migration, Education, health and nutrition. Next, the focus will be set on issues pertaining to agricultural transformation and rural development, and environment and development. Finally, we focus our attention on development policymaking, and the roles of market, state and civil society to achieve desirable goals and objectives.


  • 220:102 or 105 or 106 or permission of instructor


Required Textbook:

  • Michael P. Todaro and Stephen C. Smith, Economic Development, Addison-Wesley, 11th edition, 2012. (TS)

Recommended: For background reading — Beyond Economic Growth (BEG)– is at an elementary level, but it describes and highlights many of the main issues in development economics quite well. You can access BEG through http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/english/beyond/global/index.html.  This website will get you to a page which offers you the text to download in pdf form in a variety of languages.The other readings for the class are at a much more difficult level.  The links are given through the  Paul Robeson library website: http://www.libraries.rutgers.edu/rul/libs/robeson_lib/.Often my treatment of topics will be different from that of the readings. The readings should be viewed as complements to the slides and textbook.


The course web page is available through eCollege.  Announcements, Assignments, additional papers to accompany each topic, and a secure gradebook will all be on Courseworks website. You are responsible for checking announcements, grades, and discussion board frequently.


There will be a total of eight assignments. The eight assignments will count a total of 25% toward your final grade.   The assignments consist of a Series of theoretical/applied questions. The due dates for the assignments are July 24, July 27, July 30, August 2, August 5, August 8, August 11.

Discussion Board

Students will be assigned into groups on the first day of the class. You will be given a set of questions that you will need to respond to as a team. There will be a total of five discussion questions. The due date for these discussion questions are July 25, July 28, August 6, August 9, August 12. The discussion participation will count for 15% of your total score in the course.


  • There will be one Midterms and one non-cumulative Final exam.
  • The Midterm is scheduled for Saturday August 3. 
  • The final exam is scheduled for Wednesday August 14.


Eight Assignments 25%
Discussion Board 15%
Midterm Exam I 25%
Final Exam 35%


  • Monday July 22: First day of the online session.
  • Saturday August 3: Midterm exam.
  • Wednesday August 14:  Last day of the online session.
  • Wednesday August 14: Final Exam.


  • I will NOT accept late assignments and I will NOT accept any assignments by email.
    • You can use a calculator for the exams.
    • You may work with your classmates for the assignments, but each student must turn in his/her own copy of the assignments.
  • Academic dishonesty, including cheating, is never acceptable.


These topics are subject to change. Students are responsible for all topics covered in the lecture notes. Often my treatment of topics will be different from that of the textbook. The textbook should be viewed as complements to the lectures, not as substitutes.

July 22-24, 2013
Topic I: Economics, Institutions, and Development
TS: Ch.1
BEG: Ch. 1, Ch. 17
Global Development Network: http://cloud2.gdnet.org/cms.php?id=gdn_development_research
Ray: http://www.nyu.edu/econ/user/debraj/Papers/RayPalgrave.pdf
FAO: http://www.fao.org/NEWS/1999/991004-e.htm
Kobrin: https://mgmt.wharton.upenn.edu/profile/1334/research/?pubFilter=all

July 25-27, 2013
Topic II: Comparative Economic Development
TS: Ch.2
BEG: Ch.2, Ch.15, Ch.16
Big Mac Index: http://www.economist.com/markets/Bigmac/Index.cfm
Development Blog: http://econ-develop.blogspot.com/

July 28-30, 2013
Topic V: Poverty, Inequality, and Development
BEG: Ch. 5, Ch. 6
UN Poverty Handbook: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/poverty/Chapters.htm
Litchfield:  http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPGI/Resources/Inequality/litchfie.pdf
Basu: http://www.vanderbilt.edu/econ/wparchive/workpaper/vu00-w02.pdf
Ferreira:  http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPGI/Resources/Inequality/ferreira.pdf
Hayward: http://www.aei.org/outlook/23617
Video: How to reduce poverty in developing world?
Video: The World is not Flat:  Inequality and Injustice in our Global Economy by Nancy Birdsall.  2005 WIDER Annual Lecture.

July 31-August 2, 2013
Topic VI: Population Growth and Economic Development
TS: Ch.6
BEG: Ch. 3
WB: http://www.worldbank.org/html/extdr/hnp/population/pop_dev/popdev.htm
Data: http://geography.about.com/msub24.htm

August 3-5, 2013
Topic VII: Human Capital: Education and Health in Economic Development
TS: Ch.8
BEG: Ch. 7, Ch. 8
Rapoport: http://siepr.stanford.edu/publicationsprofile/921
Online Lecture   Listen to  Global Patterns of Income and Health: Facts, Interpretations, and Policies.  2006 WIDER Annual Lecture.
Online Lecture Listen to Global Labor Standards and Local Freedoms by Kaushik Basu.  2003 WIDER Annual Lecture.

August 6-8, 2013
Topic VIII Environment and Development:
TS: Ch.10
BEG: Ch.10, Ch. 14
IMF: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/issues/issues25/index.htm
Environment Development Index (EPI): http://epi.yale.edu/country-rankings
Brookings: http://www.brookings.org/comm/PolicyBriefs/pb052/pb52.htm
Dasgupta: http://www.rff.org/conf_workshops/files/partha.PDF
Video: Global Warming http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/environment/global-warming-environment/global-warming-101.html
Emission Trading Scheme
People of the Amazon:
Kenya’s Slums Health Care
Women, Stoves, & Environment
Rwanda & Environment
Poverty & Environment in Rwanda

August 9-11, 2013
Topic IX: Foreign Finance, Investment, and Aid: Controversies and Opportunities
BEG: Ch. 12, Ch. 13
IMF: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/1997/12/index.htm
WB: http://www.worldbank.org/research/aid/pdfs/overview.pd 

August 12-14, 2013
Topic X: Finance and Fiscal Policy for Development
BEG: Ch.11
Mourmouras: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2008/wp08155.pdf
IMF: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/1998/03/index.htm